If you have just bought a new Persian rug or if you are considering buying one then you would have probably noticed the intricate weaving and knotting structure that dominates the carpet. Persian carpets demand special care and attention because it is made with special care and attention. One can only look after a Persian carpet with this level of respect if one knows what it is made of. Knowing which materials are used can lead to greater appreciation and maintenance of Persian carpets.
Many Persian rugs are made up of different materials that are used in the different stages of the knotting process. A lot of tribal carpets use camel or goat’s wool in order to lay the foundation and to make the initial knots. Other rugs, especially silk rugs, make use of what is called pile as the foundation. Pile refers to the material that is used in the weaving of the rug. Cotton is what is usually used as the foundation because it is cheaper than silk. Many weavers use it in the details of the design in order to contrast between different colors. An ‘art-silk’ appearance is a common occurrence when mercerized cotton is used.
After the rug has been woven, it has to be dyed. There are some conflicting views regarding the dyeing of the wool or the silk because many weavers use manufactured dyes when traditional weavers believe only vegetable dye should be used. Both dyes have their merits. Natural dyes usually provide a muted and softer color whilst manufactured or chrome dyes help to create bold and bright colors on the rug. It absolutely depends on what the desired effect has to be.
As seen from above the Persian rug-making process is quite intricate which why they are so precious and valuable.