The Origins of Rug Weaving

The origins of rug weaving dates back earliest to the 6000 B.C. as it replaced the animal skin and fur for floor coverings. The woven rug was exclusive to wealthy elite centuries ago; the industry was developed only a few centuries ago with Europe’s industrial revolution followed by other nations. The expensive commodity, as it was, is now a necessity of a common household. The history of carpet and rug production was dominated by Central Asia, especially Persia. The cities of Kashan and Kerman were the most renowned of them all that now constitute modern Iran. 

There are evidence of rug weaving from Central Asia to the South Asia and to the Chinese territory. An important discovery of a hand-woven pazyryk rug found in Mongolia in 1960 dates back to 464 B.C. it is evident from the fact that rug making art traveled from Central Asia to South Asia and then China as early as 500 B.C. In Europe, it was the ambitious European voyagers to the Middle East to introduce rugs and carpets to the shores of River Seine. Subsequently, Europe opened up to the Arab World after the Crusades that brought everything to Europe including the art of rug weaving. 

In India, Mughals were the first to cover their Palace floorings with the expensive wool and silk rug, it was adopted by Kashmiri craftsmen and is still being produced in the same quality and designs. After the Renaissance, everything changed, so were the methods of carpet weaving. Manual machines made it easier and faster to weave rugs that was further improved with the heavy industry being set up in England and then Europe and rest of the World. Once fantasized a luxury, rugs and carpets are common for floor coverings everywhere. The expensive wool and silk is replaced with synthetic fibers such as polypropylene, nylon, or polyester to meet the consumer needs. 

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