Anatolia is a historical name attributed to Turkey, the great Turkish Empires history features its rugs as an important component. As of today, Turkey is the largest manufacturer and exporter of hand woven rugs and carpets in the world. It exports to the United States, the European Union, China, and France earning its economy billions of dollars in exports annually. Being one of the most important export, the historical Anatolian rugs are unmatched in quality and labor involved while making each of its rugs a masterpiece. Turks learned to weave from Ancient Greeks, the Islamic label stamped on each of the manufactured rugs that featured floral designs, mosques, and textures instead of human portraits and animals.
Modern-day designs and dimensions of the famous Anatolian carpets are a heritage to the Ottoman Empire. Under the patronage of Ottoman emperors, the industry got a huge industrial boom and encouraged the cotton industry to flourish within the Empire. Turkish cities of Ankara and Konya are hubs of hand-woven carpet industry. The most incredible and famous carpets are Mekri, Hereke, Ghiordes, Kula, and Jerevan carpets made of cotton, silk, and wool.
The specialty of Anatolian carpets is its thick weaving pattern, the Turkish knot is made of wool or silk with cotton base and has the highest knot density, it is also called a Turkbaff in native Turkish language. Apart from the thicker hand woven carpets, the thinner carpets are produced with a special technique. To make it denser, the same motifs are woven around both the ends of carpets. The most common designs adopted by Turkish weavers are the geometric shapes and Islamic textures. The applications are numerous anywhere from floor coverings to wall hangings, blankets, or bedspreads. The color scheme is darker for geometric designs as opposed to the Asian carpets that comprise of lighter tones in their designs.