How Rugs Are Made: From Textile to Finishing Touches 

Handmade rugs take extreme labor and time, from collecting wool from sheep skin to packing the end product. The main producers of handmade rugs and carpets are developing nations of Central and South Asia with its robust rug industry. The hard work and time it takes to complete an area rug is anywhere from 5 months to 15 months on average for a single artisan. With the more intricate patterns and designs, the longer it takes to complete the rug.

Here is a step-by-step process of rug making from textile to the finishing touches:

Step One:

In the beginning stage the wool is extracted from sheep and is fragmented. The best wool is selected for the next step i.e. carding. The wool is further disjointed in the carding process, sand and pebbles are removed if they are present. 

Step Two:

The second stage includes spinning the carded wool and transferring to a hand operated spinning machine or “Charkha” as it is called in South Asia, which is used to create yarn from the fragmented wool. The then produced yarn is separated to fiber lengths usually 3-6 inches in length. 

Step Three:

The third stage consists of washing the yarn with special detergents to remove any dust particles. After washing, it is then hung up with exposure to the sun to ensure it is completely dried before it is dyed. The dyeing process is significant as it determines how the rug will look. In a handmade weaving process, no chemicals are used in the coloring process, rather a slower vegetable dyeing agent is used that fades to the desired color with a single wash. Multiple washing cycles are processed with enough heat to complete the dying process. 

Step Four:

Now, the dyed yarn is left out to dry. It is then converted into balls or spools for weaving. Now, they are woven on vertical poles and are tightly suspended horizontally. After weaving, the fiber is trimmed to appropriate length to start carpet making process. 

Step Five:

Once the carpet is made, it is washed again and then dried in the sunlight for a week or more.

Final Stage:

The finished product is trimmed and made symmetrical in final touches, it is then rolled and packed for delivery to the rug market across the globe!

Rug Resources

2831 E Pacific Coast Hwy
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Phone: 9496731693
Email: Soroush@Rugresources.com
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The Wonderful World of Textiles

Welcome to the Wonderful World of Textiles! Rugs are more or less a part of the lavish lifestyle and a room setting can be left partial without a beautiful rug present. In rug making, different materials are used but it’s not an easy job especially when it comes to hand-made rugs, the creation process requires a special talent that only few possess.

Here are some of the many different Fabrics/Textiles used when creating a hand-made rug:

Wool

Wool is a common raw material in the rug making process. It is obtained from the fur of many different animals and is commonly known as a textile fiber. The major advantage of a wool rug is that they add warmth to our living space. Wool rugs are can be created by hand-made or machine-loomed methods.

Cotton

Cotton rugs have their particular specialty in being that they are light in weight and full of character. Cotton rugs are very light and airy and always give an instant perk to any room. Woven cotton rugs are primarily created using hand-made methods.

Natural Fibers

Rugs can also be made from natural fibers. They bring an organic look and natural texture to any living place. Materials used in these rugs are obtained from all kinds of plants and grasses such as sisal and jute.

Synthetic Fiber

Synthetic Fibers are made from man-made materials having both natural fiber and wool blended in. They are either made from polyester, acrylic and/or nylon. Due to their ability to resist wear and tear, they’re a cost-effective option for your kitchen or high traffic areas.

Hand Woven Rugs

Hand-woven rugs are made from different materials such as a wool, silk and Persian knots which were also used in hand-woven rugs. Hand-Woven rugs can be created with a plethora of materials and textiles, it all depends on the creator and the abilities of the weaver themselves. Many positive and negative examples can be provided to show the impact a Hand-Woven rug can have on a room or living space.

Rug Resources

2831 E Pacific Coast Hwy
Corona Del Mar
Phone: 9496731693
Email: Soroush@Rugresources.com
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Is Bamboo Silk Better Than Traditional Silk?

 

 

There’s nothing that compares in both softness and elegance than the pure and traditional silk extracted from the silkworm. Still, with the progressive development of an alternative that looks and feels the same in features but costs substantially less than the traditional product, Bamboo Silk is shaking up the traditional market. The fierce competition is on, and the latter seems to be winning due to its shorter production span and minor investment cost from extraction to the end product. Still, is it any better than the ancient methods of extracting silk from the silkworm larvae? No, the traditional silk method takes an edge over Bamboo Silk for its evergreen market.

Which brings up another question; When buying a silk rug, is it better to go for an exquisite traditional silk rug rather than a durable, cheaper Bamboo Silk? 

The Traditional Silk method takes a lot of production time to become what we call a Silk Rug while a Bamboo Silk Rug takes half the time and is produced in larger quantities! Traditional Silk wears off quickly when placed in a high-traffic area while Bamboo Silk is durable, hence it can be placed anywhere. Traditional Silk is delicate and requires more maintenance compared to Bamboo Silk. Also, most Traditional Silk rugs can’t be placed beneath furniture or home appliances as it may lose the silky-smooth sensation. Also, some Bamboo Silk Rugs are not a 100% silk, they may include wool or cotton extracts to make it even more stronger than Traditional Silk. The ideal ratio of Silk to Wool is ¾ to ¼ respectively.

In conclusion, the knot count is still a major highlight point of a Traditional Silk rug as it is higher than that found in a Bamboo Silk rug. Hence, the price tag is usually higher for Traditional Silk based on both its purity and higher knot count per square inch. 

Rug Resources

2831 E Pacific Coast Hwy
Corona Del Mar
Phone: 9496731693
Email: Soroush@Rugresources.com
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5 Rug Cleaning Tips for Removing Dust and Stains

Things may get messy sometimes; especially if there are kids in the house, there’s ten times more chance that your expensive rug will get a stain or dust at least. Even if there are no kids in the house, you still couldn’t rule out the chance of getting it stained by yourself. Spills and stains are inevitable, if you have a floor covering in the room, you must learn how to react quickly to stains before it absorbs into the fibers.

Here are Five valued tips and tricks on how to remove spills and stains from any rug or carpet without damaging it.

  • The first rule is to quickly react to it. Grab your stain cleaning solution and cold water bucket and get to work! Never use warm or hot water along with the cleaner as it may damage the fiber and results in bleaching your rug instantly. 
  • Always use a small amount of water along with the cleaning solution. The more liquid you pour onto it, it is likely to spread to a larger diameter only making it more laborious to dry and clean when the stain is removed. 
  • Do NOT rub the solution at all, it may do irreparable damage to the fiber, decreases fiber density, and softness. Instead, use a smaller garment brush for rugs and brush softly with the grain to remove a stain. Use a soft/medium toothbrush if you do not have a garment brush available. 
  • When the stain(s) are removed, use a hair dryer to dehydrate the stained area. Never expose it to the sun as it may bleach the whole rug. 
  • DIY Cleaning Solution! Some of the best cleaning solutions can be prepared using household products to safely clean your rugs: Vinegar is the best solution to remove stains when mixed with the same amount of water, or mix a small amount of Ammonia with cold water to remove any stain from rugs.    

Rug Resources

2831 E Pacific Coast Hwy
Corona Del Mar
Phone: 9496731693
Email: Soroush@Rugresources.com
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How to Determine if a Rug is Handmade or Not?

What if you bump into a handmade carpet shop somewhere in South Asia, or buying online? What you might think of the whopping price differences between them may confuse you as there’s no way you could identify between a hand-knotted, hand-tufted, or a machine-made rug. Well, if you stick with the article, you will come to know what differentiates a hand-knotted and machine-knotted carpet in design, price, and other features. 

When buying a rug from a store, the first test is to look for its pattern and design. If the fringes are properly arranged with exact symmetry, that means the rug is machine-made. It is because the fringes are added after rugs are finished being sewn and woven from the machine to give it a usual look. Also, the hand-knotted rugs have uneven strings and knots. It is because the handmade weaving takes several months and there may be human error. Also, upon cutting the knots, it would come out only piece by piece in a handmade rug as they insert each knot one-by-one while creating a pile onto the rug foundation. 

For hand-tufted carpets, look for the corners and fringes; they must’ve been glued or sewn to give it a natural look. Try pulling it, if it splits, it is hand-tufted or machine-made. The best way to check an original carpet is to turn it upside down and look at the patterns and design from front and back. If it looks similar from front and back and through the warps, it is oriental. The color combination is not exactly the same in oriental and Persian handmade rugs as they are prepared in a larger span of time creating a difference in the dyed fabric used. In contrast, the color remains same in hand-tufted and machine-made rugs as they take a lot lesser time than handmade. 

Rug Resources

2831 E Pacific Coast Hwy
Corona Del Mar
Phone: 9496731693
Email: Soroush@Rugresources.com
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Tips for Choosing your Rug Style Preference

Rugs can be fabricated in diverse styles and shapes. There are multiple options, there are a lot of preferences in the market, the Asian and Turkish style, Tibetan knotted, or the unique Persian and Afghani-styled rugs, the possibilities are limitless.

The idea is to buy the one that suits best your lifestyle, here are few recommendations:

Tufted Style

Tufted style is one the most common and the most beautiful style among all. Here, fibers loop through a rug’s backing. The fibers are left looped and cut evenly across. They aren’t expensive, so they won’t last longer. Life of tufted rug is about 7 to 8 years.

Knotted Style

Another generally used style is knotted style; as per its, name it is fabricated by knotting all the fibers together making a tie one by one with a single grit. It is not an easy job as a single person hardly completes a knotted rug in a year. They can be associated with Persian rugs.

Flat Weave

Flat woven rugs are the most commonly used rug in the world. They are similar to knotted rugs but you don’t have to cut knot, instead continue with a single thread. They are produced more quickly than the knotted rugs.

Shag Style

Shag style is another most common style used throughout the world. They are known for their best softening under feet. They can be used in a living room or anywhere else you want. They are long and thick with soft topping.

Braided Style

Braided rugs are created by interweaving long clothes, then sewing them together by a specified thread. They are comparatively easy to make. They are available in different colors and styles and are mostly in round or oval shapes.

Rug Resources

2831 E Pacific Coast Hwy
Corona Del Mar
Phone: 9496731693
Email: Soroush@Rugresources.com
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The Difference Between Hand-Knotted and Hand-Tufted Rugs

There are clear divergences between hand-knotted and hand-tufted rugs. If you are still not familiar how a hand-tufted rug costs lesser than the hand-knotted, here’s a comparison and working of both types of carpet weaving techniques used in finishing the product. 

Hand-Knotted

A hand-knotted carpet takes months, sometimes years to complete. The weaving techniques is known to and mastered by a very few craftsmen, it requires patience and greater skills to weave a hand-knotted rug. The quality must be top-notch for the market, so the knot density per square inch is higher, outnumbering the hand-tufted 10 times to 1. On average, a skilled weaver knots around 8000-10,000 fibers a day, that means it will take more than a year to complete a single rug when made by hand. The price tag varies between $500 to $20,000 based on kcpsi and quality of material. The life span of a high density hand-knotted rug is 800 years or more.  Hand-knotted rugs are so expensive because of their rarity, skill level, and originality compared to the machine-made mass production of the similarly shaped rugs. 

Hand-Tufted

Hand-tufted rugs are technically considered handmade, still they differ completely in quality and price from the hand-knotted counterparts. Anyone can tell the different by having a grim look over both the rugs. The hand-tufted rugs include a process of weaving without tying knots. Instead, a tufting gun is used to punch wool threads into the rug frame where fibers are tied horizontally. Hand-tufted carpet making requires no extra skills and experience as it is required for hand-knotted carpet weaving. When all of the fibers are concentrated through tufting gun, the rug is taken out of the frame and glued with a cotton base, or sewn. Hand-tufted carpets are cheaper and affordable, they have a small life span and wear off quickly.  

Rug Resources

2831 E Pacific Coast Hwy
Corona Del Mar
Phone: 9496731693
Email: Soroush@Rugresources.com
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Top 6 Rug Shapes

Common rugs have hundreds of styles, designs, and shapes designed specifically for the homes, offices, conference rooms, and red carpets. A whopping 100 Billion USD rug industry takes care of its customer base by bringing together hundreds of unique designs and shapes to fit into any room setting.

Here is a list of the Top 6 rug shapes worldwide:

Rectangular rugs are among the most common shapes. They vary in style and are appropriate for square rooms that don’t have enough furniture. This shape is most commonly used in our living rooms because of their large width and length.

Runners are another most commonly used shapes. They are narrow in size, so they can be used in narrow hallways. Apart from the narrowness, they are designed as rectangular shaped to also fit in to square rooms.

Square shape is another common figure in rugs. There is no basic difference between a rectangular and square shaped rug pattern. Use any outline according to the dimensions of the room. They are also used in living rooms.

Round shaped rugs are most frequently used for beautification. They are placed in the center of a room or a hall for a unique and broad look.

Oval shaped rugs can also be used in decorating drawing rooms and wedding halls. They are used in the same setting as a rectangular shaped rug. Due to its oval shape, oval rug looks exquisite when laid to the ground.

Sliced shaped rug is used in common household for its small size. They have a half moon shape and other varients with the same patterns. It can be used as bath mat or in a kitchen. They have an exclusive water absorptions speciality that make them fit for bathrooms and kitchens. 

Rug Resources

2831 E Pacific Coast Hwy
Corona Del Mar
Phone: 9496731693
Email: Soroush@Rugresources.com
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The Difference Between a Rug & Carpet

Well, we all must have confused a rug with carpet or the other way around. There are popular debates on the internet on whether both the rugs and carpets be termed the same thing or not. It’s the same confusion as it is between a soccer and football, both are seemingly different yet incredibly the same. In some countries, there’s no difference at all, a few among them are conscious when calling it either a rug or a carpet. A somewhat acceptable argument is its defined area i.e. 40 square feet, above it is carpets and under the 40 sq. ft. are termed rugs. The word “Carpet” is originally traced back to an ancient French word “Carpite” that means a decorative cloth or a coarse cloth in English. Rug was used from 15th century onwards and is derived from Norse word “rogg” that means a mat. 

The primary technical difference among rugs and carpets are their size and applications. In the USA, anything spread wall-to-wall is a carpet, rugs are the tiny carpet pieces or entirely the separated products manufactured for specific usage i.e. wall hanging, foot or bedroom rugs. The rugs are loomed on a dedicated frame. Both rugs and carpets are made of the same materials, either the synthetic fibers or the naturally extracted wool, silk, cotton, or jute. Carpets are thicker and heavier than rugs, the carpets cover larger floor area with a defined border and design pattern in the middle. 

If you are buying a carpet, there are lesser options than it would be for rugs; the latter is pricey for its delicacy and hard work while being manufactured. When stained, rugs are easy to clean and dry compared to the carpets due to their mobility. Rugs are used for decoration, carpets are rugged and less embellished. 

Rug Resources

2831 E Pacific Coast Hwy
Corona Del Mar
Phone: 9496731693
Email: Soroush@Rugresources.com
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The Difference Between a Handmade Wool & Silk Rug

It’s not a difficult choice selecting between a wool and silk rug. Buy a wool rug if you are going to place it to more human traffic or feet movement, or go for the silk one for sleek and beautiful look for less crowded space or for wall hangings. As we all know, wool is more abundant than silk, it takes lesser time to weave a wool rug, and it has longer lifespan, more than 100 years on average. On the other hand, silk rugs present royalty and class, it looks shiny, cleaner, and has more knots per square inch. 

Wool rugs hold better against the spills and thick stains, it is easy to clean and stand longer against the time and temperature. Wool rugs are thicker; they require twice a month cleanup with any vacuum cleaner. If you are not good with vacuum cleaner or your cleaner pulls out the fiber knots, it’s better to take it out to the sun and shake it thoroughly to remove dust trapped in air pockets. For silk rugs, the fiber count is higher per square inch, hence lesser chances of dust particles to settle in. Still, with a little dust getting into it, the luster may get dull lessening the genuine look of it. Wool is stronger than silk, the latter is 4 times pricey than former for its more knots per square inch and delicacy. 

Make sure to check if you are allergic to wool before buying a wool rug. For wool rugs, a cotton base is used that wears off quickly, however silk rug is all the same and does not rot from either sides or bottom. For durability, it’s better buying a bamboo silk rug that cost less and lasts longer than pure silk. 

Rug Resources

2831 E Pacific Coast Hwy
Corona Del Mar
Phone: 9496731693
Email: Soroush@Rugresources.com
URL: